Home » Cadillac Escalade Turns 20 Years Old

Cadillac Escalade Turns 20 Years Old

Cadillac Escalade Turns 20 Years Old

It’s time to sing the happy birthday song to the Cadillac Escalade, as the full-size luxury SUV has just turned 20 years old. During those two decades, the model has become a cultural phenomenon that defines the full-size luxury SUV segment.

Let’s take a trip down memory lane to celebrate the luxury SUV’s past, present and future.

The Beginning

Cadillac debuted the Escalade at the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance in August 1998. The first-gen model entered production only ten months after the project’s internal – an extremely fast turn-around time in the auto world. In doing so, it became first-ever SUV in Cadillac’s history.

First-generation Cadillac Escalade sketch

Since then, the Escalade has achieved towering levels of success while exuding a distinct influence on the world of entertainment. In fact, the luxury SUV has made an appearance in over 800 films, TV programs and music videos.

The name Escalade alludes to a particular siege tactic of the medieval era, and has grown to be so widely recognized, that it is considered a brand in itself. For that very reason, it was not included in Cadillac’s new CT# and XT# naming scheme established several years ago.

The Cadillac Escalade Generations

Currently the Cadillac Escalade spans four generations.

First Generation

Cadillac Escalade

  • Short lifespan: 1999-2000 model years
  • Offered exclusively in single 5-passenger body style

Second Generation

Cadillac Escalade

  • 2002 – 2006 model years
  • Introduced extended-length Escalade ESV and Escalade EXT pickup variant
  • Best-selling Escalade generation, reaching a high of 62,250 units sold in 2004 (in the U.S. market)

Third Generation

Cadillac Escalade

  • 2007 – 2014 model years
  • 8-year-long life span represented the longest-running Escalade generation
  • Offered in regular-length Escalade, extended-length Escalade ESV and Escalade EXT pickup
  • Offered with a hybrid powertrain

Fourth Generation

Cadillac Escalade

  • 2015-2019 model years (expected)
  • First Escalade to use Cadillac’s new wreath-less logo
  • Highest-ever Escalade transaction prices

Significant Commercial Success

In its two decades on the market, the Cadillac Escalade spans four generations or 850,000 manufactured units. Of those, it has been America’s best-selling large luxury SUV for 15 consecutive years. For that very reason, it’s Cadillac’s most profitable model and one of the biggest profit centers of its parent company.

During its two decades, the Escalade has been sold in three variants: the standard version simply called Escalade, the extended-length Escalade ESV, and luxury pickup truck variant called Escalade EXT. Of those three, only the first two are currently in production, but the Escalade EXT that was around during the second and third generation was discontinued in 2013.


The primary Cadillac Escalade production facility is the Arlington plant about 20 miles west of Dallas, Texas.

Several other plants have shared auxiliary production responsibility of the model, including those in Mexico and in Russia. Currently,  the Escalade is also assembled in the city of Minsk, Belarus, for the Russia and CIS markets.

The Future

The current, fourth-generation model has been on sale since 2014, and has received some minor mechanical and aesthetic updates. The fifth-generation model is expected to reach the market within the next 12-16 months as a 2020 model year vehicle, bringing significant improvements and a higher level of exclusivity in comparison to its corporate platform mates.

It will be the first Escalade gestated by a team dedicated exclusively to the Cadillac division, and will likely come with a $10,000 increase in price compared to the current model.

Happy 20th anniversary, Escalade. Here’s to another 20 years!

Written by
Engineer with a passion for cars and strategic automotive planning.


  1. Don’t ask me why it has been a success, but Cadillac would probably have been killed off without it.

    The last Cadillac with column shift, a feature now ridiculed but once considered a great advance in safety and driving ease over stick shift–and still is in my opinion, even with auto trans and power steering. But you’d think they’d make the console narrower (or even optional) for more knee room. Pro athletes have very long legs.

  2. You know what folks? The Mercedes G Class and Range Rover came out in the ’70s. Although they were somewhat luxurious, they were way more utilitarian (off-road) while today’s version have a balance of luxury and utility.

    The Lexus LX came out in ’96 as a luxury SUV but know one took notice.

    The ’98 Navigator was the first true luxury SUV that was popular but the second generation Escalade took over and became a pop culture, icon and benchmark from here on out.

    IMO, I believe the reason the current generation Land Rover, G Class, GLS Class, Navigator and QX80 are successful because the 2nd. and 3rd generation Escalade. The Escalade made the foreign competition cool because they had time to develop to outdo the Escalade and in some ways they have surpass the Escalade, particularly the Range Rover.

    I think the sheer size with bold expressive designs over few generation give it a mystic that struck a chord and a following to a lot of people. Escalade has that magic which attracts celebrities, athletes, haters, thieves, moguls of the industries and etc. Mercedes S Class does not have that magic. Same as for the QX80, G Glass, GLS Class, Navigator, LX 570 and Range Rover somewhat. Range Rover comes close but don’t have that allure.

    I look forward to the 5th. generation Escalade and, IMO, this vehicle will bring more prestige to the Cadillac CUV lineup. The fourth generation is the best Escalade yet and the 5th. generation model will be greatly enhanced in every which way to make it a hit, if not more so.


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